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通风管道降低通风机声源噪声措施

发布人:http://www.qyyl789.com   发布时间:2017-07-27 16:53:30

(1)合理选择通风机的机型。在噪声控制要求高的场合,应选用低噪声通风机。不同型号的通风机,在同样的风量、风压下,机翼型叶片的离心通风机噪声小,前向板型叶片的离心通风机噪声大。

(1) reasonably select the type of ventilators. In the case of high noise control, low noise ventilators should be selected. Different types of fans, under the same air volume and air pressure, the centrifugal fan of the airfoil type blade has little noise, and the centrifugal fan of the front plate type blade is noisy.

(2)通风机的工作点应接近较高效率点。同一型号的通风机效北越高,噪声越小。为使通风机的运行工况点保持在通风机的高效率区,应尽量避免用阀门进行工况调节。如必须在通风机压出端设阀门时,其设置的较佳位置是距通风机出口1m处。它能使2000Hz以下的噪声降低。在通风机入口处气流应保持均匀。

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(2) the working point of the ventilator should be close to the highest efficiency point. For the same type of ventilator, the higher the effect, the less noise. In order to keep the working conditions of the fan in the high efficiency area of the ventilator, it is necessary to avoid using the valve to adjust the working conditions. If you have to set the valve at the end of the fan, the best place for it is from the ventilator outlet 1m. It can reduce the noise below 2000Hz. Airflow should be kept evenly at the entrance of the ventilator.

(3)在可能条件下适当降低通风机的转速。通风机的旋转噪声与叶轮圆周速度10次方成比例,涡流噪声与叶轮圆周速度6次方(或5次方)成比例。故降低转速可降低噪声。

(3) reduce the speed of the ventilator properly under the possible conditions. The rotating noise of the fan is proportional to the speed of the impeller 10 times, and the vortex noise is proportional to the speed of the impeller 6 times (or 5 times). Therefore, reducing the speed can reduce noise.

(4)通风机进、出口的噪声级是通风理、风压增加而增大的。因此,设计通风系统时,应尽量减少系统的压力损失。当通风系统的总风量和压力损失较大时,可将其分为小系统。

(4) the noise level of the inlet and outlet of ventilators is increased by ventilation and wind pressure. Therefore, the pressure loss of the system should be minimized when designing the ventilation system. When the total air volume and pressure loss of ventilation system are large, they can be divided into small systems.

(5)气流在管道内的流速不宜过高,以免引起再生噪声。确定管道内气流流速应根据不同要求按有关规定选取。

(5) the velocity of air flow in the pipeline should not be too high, so as to avoid regeneration noise。 Determine the airflow velocity in the pipeline shall be selected according to the relevant requirements according to different requirements。

(6)注意通风机与电动机的传动方式。采用直联传动的通风机噪声较小,用联轴器的次之,用没有接缝的三角皮带传动的稍差。通风机应配用低噪声的电动机。

(6) pay attention to the drive mode of fan and motor。 The fan used for direct drive has the least noise, followed by couplings and slightly less with a triangle belt without seams。 Ventilators should be equipped with motors with low noise。


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